Bartolomé Ortega-Delgado, Patricia Palenzuela, Javier Bonilla, Manuel Berenguel, Lidia Roca, Diego-César Alarcón-Padilla. Dynamic modeling of a multi-effect vertical falling-film evaporator for water reuse in CSP plants. Desalination 529 (2022) 115623.

J.A. Andrés-Mañas, I. Requena, G. Zaragoza. Characterization of the use of vacuum enhancement in comercial pilot-scale air gap membrane distillation modules with different designs. Desalination 528 (2022) 115490.

J.A. Andrés-Mañas, I. Requena , A. Ruiz-Aguirre , G. Zaragoza. Performance modelling and optimization of three vacuum-enhanced membrane distillation modules for upscaled solar seawater desalination. Separation and Purification Technology 287 (2022) 120396.

Bartolomé Ortega-Delgado, Patricia Palenzuela, Diego-César Alarcón-Padilla. Analysis of the Time Step Influence in the Yearly Simulation of Integrated Seawater Multi-Effect Distillation and Parabolic trough Concentrating Solar Thermal Power Plants.

Vasilis Fthenakis, Gregory Yetman, Zhuoran Zhang, John Squires, Adam A., Diego-César Alarcón-Padilla, Patricia Palenzuela, Vikas Vicraman, Guillermo Zaragoza. A solar energy desalination analysis tool, sedat, with data and models for selecting technologies and regions. Scientific Data (2022) 9:223.

Juan D. Gil, Lidia Roca, Guillermo Zaragoza, Manuel Pérez, Manuel Berenguel. Improving the performance of solar membrane distillation processes for treating high salinity feeds: A process control approach for cleaner production. Journal of Cleaner Production 338 (2022) 130446.

Patricia Palenzuela, Lidia Roca, Faisal Asfand, Kumar Patchigolla. Experimental assessment of a pilot scale hybrid cooling system for water consumption reduction in CSP plants. Energy 242 (2022) 122948.

Abdel-Karim, A., S. Leaper, C. Skuse, G. Zaragoza, M. Gryta, P. Gorgojo. Membrane cleaning and pre-treatments in membrane distillation – a review. Chemical Engineering Journal 422, 129696, 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2021.129696 

Mata-Torres, C., P. Palenzuela, D.-C. Alarcón-Padilla, A. Zurita, J.M. Cardemil, R.A. Escobar. Multi-objective optimization of a Concentrating Solar Power + Photovoltaic + Multi-Effect Distillation plant: Understanding the impact of the solar irradiation and the plant location. Energy Conversion and Management: X 11 (2021) 100088. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecmx.2021.100088 

Poblete, R., Cortés, E., Pérez, N., Valdivia, M., Maldonado, M.I. Removal of organic matter from wastewater coming from fruit juice production using solar photo-Fenton process. International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, 2021, 19(8), pp. 809–815 

Ayou D.S., G. Zaragoza, A. Coronas. Small-Scale Renewable Poly-generation System for Off-Grid Applications: Desalination, Power Generation and Space Cooling. Applied Thermal Engineering, 182, 116112, 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2020.115835

Ramos J., Gil J. D., Roca L., Rodriguez F., Berenguel M. Optimal Water Management in Agro-Industrial Districts: An Energy Hub's Case Study in the Southeast of Spain. Processes. 9 - 2, pp. 333. 2021. ISSN 2227-9717. DOI: 10.3390/pr9020333 

Thomas, N., J. Swaminathan, G. Zaragoza, R.K. Abu Al-Rub, J.H. Lienhard V, and H.A. Arafat. Comparative assessment of the effects of 3D printed feed spacers on process performance in MD systems. Desalination, 503, 114940, 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2021.114940 

Toledo-Camacho, S.Y.; Rey, A., Maldonado, M.I.; Llorca, J.; Contreras, S.; Medina, F. Photocatalytic hydrogen production from water-methanol and -glycerol mixtures using Pd/TiO2(-WO3) catalysts and validation in a solar pilot plant. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2021, 46(73), pp. 36152–36166. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.08.141 

Asfand, F., Palenzuela, P., Roca, L., Caron, A., Lemarié, C.-A., Gillard, J., Turner, P., Patchigolla, K. Thermodynamic performance and water consumption of hybrid cooling system configurations for concentrated solar power plants. Sustainability 12(11), 2020. 

Carballo, J. A., Bonilla, J., Roca, L., de la Calle, A., Palenzuela, P., Alarcón-Padilla, D. C., Berenguel, M. Optimal operation of solar thermal desalination systems coupled to double-effect absorption heat pumps. Energy Conversion and Management 210, 2020. 

Gil, J. D., Mendes, P. R. C., Camponogara, E., Roca, L., Álvarez, J. D., Normey-Rico, J. E. A general optimal operating strategy for commercial membrane distillation facilities. Renewable Energy 156, 220–234, 2020. 

 Gil, J. D., Roca, L., Berenguel, M. Modelling and automatic control in solar membrane distillation: Fundamentals and proposals for its technological development | Modelado y control automático en destilación por membranas solar: Fundamentos y propuestas para su desarrollo tecnológico. RIAI - Revista Iberoamericana de Automatica e Informatica Industrial 17(4), 329–343, 2020. 

Gil, J. D., Roca, L., Zaragoza, G., Normey-Rico, J. E., Berenguel, M. Hierarchical control for the start-up procedure of solar thermal fields with direct storage. Control Engineering Practice 95, 2020. 

J.I. Martínez-Costa, M.I. Maldonado Rubio, R. Leyva-Ramos. Degradation of Emerging Contaminants Diclofenac, Sulfamethoxazole, Trimethoprim and Carbamazepine by Bentonite and Vermiculite at a Pilot Solar Compound Parabolic Collector. Catalysis Today 341, 26-36, 2020.

M. Muñoz, J.D. Gil, L. Roca, F. Rodríguez, M. Berenguel, An IoT Architecture for Water Resource Management in Agroindustrial Environments: A Case Study in Almería (Spain), Sensors. 20 (2020). 

Palenzuela, P., Ortega-Delgado, B., Alarcón-Padilla, D.-C. Comparative assessment of the annual electricity and water production by concentrating solar power and desalination plants: A case study. Applied Thermal Engineering 177, 2020. 1K229 

Pistocchi, A., Bleninger, T., Breyer, C., Caldera, U., Dorati, C., Ganora, D., Millán, M. M., Paton, C., Poullis, D., Herrero, F. S., Yuece, S., Zaragoza, G. Can seawater desalination be a win-win fix to our water cycle? Water Research 182, 2020. 

Poblete, R., Cortes, E., Maldonado, M.I. Fenton and solar photo-Fenton processes in the depuration of wastewater resulting from production of grape juice. A factorial design. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 5(5), pp. 1329-1336, 2020. 

Mata-Torres, C., Palenzuela, P., Zurita, A., Cardemil, J. M., Alarcón-Padilla, D.-C., Escobar, R. A. Annual thermoeconomic analysis of a Concentrating Solar Power + Photovoltaic + Multi-Effect Distillation plant in northern Chile. Energy Conversion and Management 213, 2020. 

Andrés-Mañas, J. A., Roca, L., Ruiz-Aguirre, A., Acién, F. G., Gil, J. D., Zaragoza, G. Application of solar energy to seawater desalination in a pilot system based on vacuum multi-effect membrane distillation. Applied Energy 258, 2020. 

Andrés-Mañas, J. A., Ruiz-Aguirre, A., Acién, F. G., Zaragoza, G. Performance increase of membrane distillation pilot scale modules operating in vacuum-enhanced air-gap configuration. Desalination 475, 2020.

M.S. Thabit, A.H. Hawari, M.H. Ammar, S. Zaidi, G. Zaragoza, A. Altaee Evaluation of forward osmosis as a pretreatment process for multi stage flash seawater desalination. Desalination 2019, 461, 22–29. 

Ruiz-Aguirre, J.A. Andrés-Mañas, G. Zaragoza. Evaluation of Permeate Quality in Pilot Scale Membrane Distillation Systems. Membranes, 2019, 9, 69. 

J.A. Carballo, J. Bonilla, M. Berenguel, J. Fernández-Reche, G. García. Machine learning for solar trackers. AIP Conference Proceedings 2019, 2126, 030012. 

Gil, J. D., Álvarez, J. D., Roca, L., Sánchez-Molina, J. A., Berenguel, M., Rodríguez, F. Optimal thermal energy management of a distributed energy system comprising a solar membrane distillation plant and a greenhouse. Energy Conversion and Management 2019, 198, 111791.

Leiva-Illanes, R., Escobar, R., Cardemil, J., Alarcón-Padilla, D.-C., Uche, J., Martinez, A. Exergy cost assessment of solar trigeneration plant based on a concentrated solar power plant as the prime mover. AIP Conference Proceedings 2019, 2126, art. no. 230001. 

Carballo, J. A., Bonilla, J., Berenguel, M., Fernández, J., García, G. Solar tower power mockup for the assessment of advanced control techniques. Renewable Energy 149, 682–690, 2020.

A. Ruiz-Aguirre, J.A. Andrés-Mañas, J.M. Fernández-Sevilla, & G. Zaragoza. (2018). Experimental characterization and optimization of multi-channel spiral wound air gap membrane distillation modules for seawater desalination. Separation and Purification Technology 205, 212-222. DOI:
J.A. Andrés-Mañas, A. Ruiz-Aguirre, F.G. Acién, & G. Zaragoza. (2018). Assessment of a pilot system for seawater desalination based on vacuum multi-effect membrane distillation with enhanced heat recovery. Desalination 443, 110-121. DOI:
J.D. Gil, L. Roca, A. Ruiz-Aguirre, G. Zaragoza, & M. Berenguel. (2018). Optimal Operation of a Solar Membrane Distillation Pilot Plant via Nonlinear Model Predictive Control. Computers & Chemical Engineering 109, 151-165. DOI:
J.D. Gil, L. Roca, G. Zaragoza, & M. Berenguel. (2018). A feedback control system with reference governor for a solar membrane distillation pilot facility. Renewable Energy 120, 536-549. DOI:
A. Altaee, G. Zaragoza, G.J. Millar, A.O. Sharif, & A.A. Alanezi. (2018). Limitations of Osmotic Gradient Resource and Hydraulic Pressure on the Efficiency of Dual Stage PRO Process. Desalination and Water Treatment 105, 11-22. DOI:
J.D. Gil, A. Ruiz-Aguirre, L. Roca, G. Zaragoza, & M. Berenguel. (2018). Prediction models to analyse the performance of a commercial-scale membrane distillation unit for desalting brines from RO Plants. Desalination 445, 15-28. DOI:
G. Zaragoza, J.A. Andrés-Mañas, A. Ruiz-Aguirre. (2018). Commercial scale membrane distillation for solar desalination. npj Clean Water 1, 20. DOI:
P. Palenzuela, M. Micari, B. Ortega-Delgado, F. Giacalone, G. Zaragoza, D.-C. Alarcón-Padilla, … G. Micale. (2018). Performance Analysis of a RED-MED Salinity Gradient Heat Engine. Energies 11(12): 3385. DOI:
J. Bonilla, & L. Roca. (2018) Model validation and control strategy of a heat recovery system integrated in a renewable hybrid power plant demonstrator, Sol. Energy. 176, 698–708. DOI:
J.A. Carballo, J. Bonilla, L. Roca, & M. Berenguel. (2018). New low-cost solar tracking system based on open source hardware for educational purposes, Solar Energy. 174, 826–836. DOI:
Desideri, R. Dickes, J. Bonilla, L. Valenzuela, S. Quoilin, & V. Lemort. (2018). Steady-state and dynamic validation of a parabolic trough collector model using the ThermoCycle Modelica library, Sol. Energy. 174, 866–877. DOI:
Mohammadi, J. Bonilla, R. Zarghami, & S. Golshan. (2018). A novel heat exchanger design method using a delayed rejection adaptive metropolis hasting algorithm, Appl. Therm. Eng. 137, 808–821. DOI:
J.A. Carballo, J. Bonilla, L. Roca, A. de la Calle, P. Palenzuela, & D.C. Alarcón-Padilla. (2018). Optimal operating conditions analysis for a multi-effect distillation plant according to energetic and exergetic criteria, Desalination. 435, 70-76. DOI:
J. Bonilla, M.M. Rodríguez-García, L. Roca, A. de la Calle, & L. Valenzuela. (2018). Design and experimental validation of a computational effective dynamic thermal energy storage tank model, Energy. 152, 840–857. DOI:
J.D. Gil, L. Roca, M. Berenguel & G. Zaragoza. (2018). Suministro de agua en invernaderos. Aportaciones de la desalación solar térmica y el control automático. Era Solar. Fototérmica & Fotovoltaica 201, 16–25.
A.G. Ampuño, L. Roca, M. Berenguel, J. D. Gil, M. Pérez, & J. E. Normey-Rico (2018). Modeling and simulation of a solar field based on flat-plate collectors. Solar Energy 170, 369–378. DOI:
A. Chorak, P. Palenzuela, D.C. Alarcón-Padilla, & A.B. Abdellah. (2018). Energetic evaluation of a double-effect LiBr-H2O absorption heat pump coupled to a multi-effect distillation plant at nominal and off-design conditions. Applied Thermal Engineering 142, 543-554. DOI:
M. Laissaoui, P. Palenzuela, M.A. Sharaf Eldean, D. Nehari, & D.C. Alarcón-Padilla. (2018). Techno-economic analysis of a stand-alone solar desalination plant at variable load conditions. Applied Thermal Engineering 133, 659-670. DOI:
P. Palenzuela, S. Miralles-Cuevas, A. Cabrera-Reina, & L. Cornejo-Ponce. (2018). Techno-economic assessment of a multi-effect distillation plant installed for the production of irrigation water in Arica (Chile). Science of the Total Environment 643, 423-434. DOI:
G. Kosmadakis, M. Papapetrou, B. Ortega-Delgado, A. Cipollina, & D.-C. Alarcón-Padilla. (2018). Correlations for estimating the specific capital cost of multi-effect distillation plants considering the main design trends and operating conditions. Desalination 447, 74-83. DOI:
R. Leiva-Illanes, R. Escobar, J. M. Cardemil, & D.-C. Alarcón-Padilla. (2018). Comparison of the levelized cost and thermoeconomic methodologies - Cost allocation in a solar polygeneration plant to produce power, desalted water, cooling and process heat. Energy Conversion and Management 168, 215-229. DOI:


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Evaluation of the use of vacuum in advanced pilot-scale membrane distillation modules powered by solar energy for the desalination of seawater and brines. 2020. University of Almería.

Author: Juan Antonio Andrés-Mañas 

Directors: Guillermo Zaragoza & F. Gabriel Acién 


Hierarchical Control and Optimization Strategies Applied to Solar Membrane Distillation Facilities. 2020. Universty of Almería.

Author: Juan Diego Gil Vergel 

Directors: Manuel Berenguel, Lidia Roca 


Modelado y Optimización para una Gestión Eficiente de Recurso en Tecnología Termosolar. 2019. University of Almería.

Author: José A. Carballo. 

Directors: Javier Bonilla, Manuel Berenguel.